The Ananda temple, found near the Tharaba gate (the only gate remaining of the original 12 in the old Bagan city walls) is one of the Bagan’s best known temples. The temple has distinctive the gilded sikhara, the tower like spire on top of the pagoda, which can be seen miles away over the Bagan plains. Originally donated and build by King Kyansitthar in the early Bagan Period, Ananda is one of the well-preserved temples in Bagan.
During the 1975 earthquake, the Ananda was damaged and has been extensively restored since then. There are four magnificent standing Buddha status in arched recesses at the center of the Ananda Pagoda. The four teak Buddha images represent the four previous Buddha's that have reached nirvana: Kassapa Buddha (South), Kakusandha Buddha (North), Konagamana Buddha (East) and Gautama Buddha (West). The Kassapa (South) and Kakusandha (North) images date back to the early 12th century when Ananda was build. It had been noted that the expression on the Kassapa image’s face appears to change when viewed from different distances. The Konagamana (East) and the Gautama (West) image date back to the 17th century, they were crafted in the Mandalay style when the originals were destroyed by a fire.
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