Mandalay

Mandalay is the second largest city in Myanmar. Established in 1857 by King Mindon, Mandalay was the last royal city; officially named as Yandanabon or ‘the City of Gems’. The city was built on a grid system of 144-square block, anchored by 16 square block royal palace compound at the foot of Mandalay Hill. The Palace inside the citadel was surrounded by a 64m (210ft) wide mote and 6,666 feet long square walls. The walls contained turrets with gold-tipped spires for the watchmen, at every 555 feet intervals (three on each side of the wall) along the wall. Although the capital of Burma was moved to Yangon in 1885 at the end of Third Anglo-Burmese War, Mandalay remains to be cultural and religious center and maintained much of the traditions. The influx of immigration from China since 1988 revitalised the economy of Mandalay in the downtown area.

Climate-wise, Mandalay is little affected by the monsoon unlike Yangon; it is located in the central dry zone of Myanmar. Nearby places to visit are all former royal cities Amarapura Sagaing, Mingun and Ava (Innwa), all within a couple of hours of drive from Mandalay. Pyin Oo Lwin, formally MayMyo, is a hill station town about one and a half hour drive from Mandalay.

Famous Pagodas in Mandalay
Kyauktawgyi Pagoda
Kyauktawgyi Pagoda

The pagoda was built by King Bagan in 1847, modeling after Ananda Temple in Bagan. The interior was simplified in decoration with wooden beams and rafter rather than the vaulted version of the original. The Buddha image was carved out of a single block of marble, and referred to as Kyauktawgyi.

Maha Myat Muni
Maha Myat Muni

The Maha Myat Muni Pagoda located in southwest Mandalay, also referred to as Mahamuni Pagoda, is considered one of most venerated images.Read More

Sandamuni Pagoda
Sandamuni Pagoda

Sandamuni Pagoda was built by King Mindon, on the burial site of Kanaung Minthar or Kanaung Prince (minthar means prince in Burmese).Read More

Kuthodaw Pagoda
Kuthodaw Pagoda

The world’s largest book is housed in Kuthodaw Pagoda, also known as Mahalawka Marazein Pagoda. Read More

Shwenandaw Monastery
Shwenandaw Monastery

Built by King Mindon in the mid-19th century, Shwenandaw Monastery is built with elaborate teak carvings depicting Buddhist legends.Read More

Mandalay Palace
Mandalay Palace

The last Royal Palace of Myanmar Kingdom, Mandalay Palace was constructed between 1857 and 1859 by King Mindon. His son King Thibaw was the last to reside at the Palace until 1885.Read More

Mandalay Hill
Mandalay Hill

The famous city of Mandalay was named after the Mandalay Hill. It is located 790ft northeast of the city center. For over two centuries, the Mandalay Hill has been the destination for Buddhists.Read More

 

Mandalay consist of five main townships namely Aung Myay Thar Zan, Chan Aye Thar Zan, Mahar Aung Myay, Chan Mya Tharzi and Pyigyi Tagun Townships. Mandalay Hill is a popular destination to visit while you are in Mandalay. The beautiful scene of the whole city can be seen from the hill. Royal Palace, Sanda Muni and Shwenandaw Monastery are a few more.

Around Mandalay

 

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