Amarapura

Amarapura is the ancient capital of Innwa (Ava) Kingdom from 1783 to 1821, and then again from 1842 to 1859. Today, it is considered part of Mandalay, located 11km north. It lies on the left bank of the Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy) river, and also known as Myo Haung (old city). The city is rich in history as it was founded by King Bodawpaya of the Kongbaung dynasty. There were scholars and clergy from Sri Lanka and became the center of Buddhist learning. Traditional arts and crafts, such as silk and cotton weaving and bronze casting are still in operation today. When Mandalay was built by King Mindon in 1857, he reused materials from Amarapura as the costly war of Second Angalo-Burmese war depleted royal treasury. Little of ancient Amarapura remained due to earthquake in 1838.

Interesting places in Amarapura
U Bein Bridge
U Bein Bridge

The longest teak bridge in the world, U Bein Bridge, spans ¾ of a mile crossing over Taung Tha Man Inn. The bridge is named after U Bein, who was a clerk to the Mayor of Amarapura and donated the bridge. It was built in 1849 and took two years to finish, when Amarapura was the capital of Innwa. The teak posts remain intact and is relied upon by local people. There are draw bridges along 9 points of the bridge to allow royal barges to cross over to Ayeyarwady river.

Amarapura Palace
Amarapura Palace

You can visit the old Amarapura Palace ruins, which was constructed in the late 18th/early 19th century. The grounds were believed to cover about ¼ square mile, and what remains today is the tombs of King Bodawpaya and King Bagyidaw. King Bodawpaya died on June 5th, 1819, and King Bagyidaw died on October 15th, 1846after being dethroned in 1837.

Maha Ghandayon Kyaung

Maha Gandayon Kyaung is the largest monastery in Myanmar and also a teaching monastery for monks.

Shwe Gu Gyi Pagoda

Shwe Gu Gyi means Big Golden Cave. According to an inscription, the ruins left by King Narapati Sithu in AD 1174 was repaired by the Crown Prince (Sirimahadhammabhidhaja Sihasura). There is also Shwe Gu Tha cave temple to the south, and both are maintained by the Archaeological Department.


Around Amarapura

 

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